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Bosnia: New prospects, old problems

Opinió | 28/09/2010

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Bosnia-Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav republic most afflicted by war, presents slight signs of economic and institutional recovery, but still depends on international economic cooperation and is far from social and political stability. Fifteen years after the Dayton Agreement, the Bosnian horizon is still unclear.


 

The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, formed by Bosnians and Croats, and the Republika Srpska, with a Serbian population, are the two autonomous entities that make up Bosnia-Herzegovina. This is recognized by the constitution of this state, fully recognized internationally. In a certain way, this territorial and political structure reproduces the former Yugoslavia: a federal state with a complex institutional organization which is difficult to manage, as it is necessary to operate with a very difficult to achieve consensus.

Fifteen years after the end of the war, there is peace in Bosnia and the economy is experiencing a slow but constant recovery. We should not, however, forget that the Serbian minority, almost 40% of the total population, clearly wishes to join the mother country, and that without international aid the Bosnian economy would go bankrupt due to a lopsided balance of trade and the lack of an own industry, or that a parliament fragmented into seven parties and the continuation of ethnic tensions do not help to stabilize this young state. 

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